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Qualegal is dedicated to providing exceptional legal services with integrity and professionalism. We fight for justice and ensure that your rights are protected at every step.

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Qualegal provides a wide array of legal services tailored to meet the diverse needs of our clients. Our dedicated team ensures you receive the best representation and advice in all legal matters.

We are committed to delivering innovative, integrated, and cost-effective legal solutions with the utmost professionalism and integrity.

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Matters

Expert legal services in insolvency and bankruptcy matters, ensuring the best possible outcomes.

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Criminal Law

Dedicated legal support in all aspects of criminal law, from representation to advisory services.

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Property & Family Disputes

Expert resolution of property and family disputes, ensuring fair and just outcomes.

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Disputes relating to Work’s Contract

Specialized legal services for disputes related to work’s contracts.

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Arbitration and Alternate Dispute Resolution

Effective arbitration and alternate dispute resolution services for amicable solutions.

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Banking Laws & Regulations

Expert legal advice on banking laws and regulations to ensure compliance and resolve disputes.

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Commercial & Consumer Disputes

Comprehensive services in handling commercial and consumer disputes efficiently.

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Electricity Laws

Providing expert legal services in the field of electricity laws and regulations.

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Competition Law & General Corp.

Expert advice and representation in competition law and general corporate matters to ensure compliance and competitive edge.

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Power Sector, Mining & Environmental Laws

Expertise in handling legal matters related to power sector, mining, and environmental laws.

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Matrimonial Litigation

Expertise in handling legal matters related to matrimonial disputes, divorce, and family law.

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Telecommunication, Media & Technology Laws

Legal expertise in telecommunication, media, and technology laws for the modern age.

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Qualegal is dedicated to providing the best legal services tailored to meet your needs. With our team of expert lawyers, your legal safety is our top priority.

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We take pride in our long-standing relationships with a diverse range of clients and partners. Our commitment to excellence and integrity has earned us the trust of many distinguished individuals and organizations.

We strive to provide unparalleled legal services that meet the unique needs of each client, ensuring their satisfaction and success.


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Legal Solutions

Section 173 of the BNSS allows citizens to lodge an FIR at any police station for a cognizable offence, regardless of jurisdiction. The FIR must be transferred to the appropriate station within 15 days. This section also introduces electronic registration of FIRs, which must be signed by the person making it within 3 days by virtue of 173(1)(ii) of BNSS.

If a police officer refuses to register your FIR, you can:
  1. File an application to the Magistrate under Section 175 (3) [156(3) of CrPC] if the Superintendent of Police and the Deputy Superintendent of Police do not investigate the case after information is provided to them under Section 173 (4) [154(3) of CrPC].
  2. File a writ petition in the High Court for the issuing of Writ of Mandamus against the police officers.
  3. Seek compensation through a Writ Petition in the High Court if the refusal has caused deprivation of your right to life and personal liberty.

A police officer can legally deny lodging an FIR if the complaint is about an extremely trivial issue and the facts stated by the complainant do not disclose a cognizable offence. However, refusal based on jurisdiction is addressed by the "Zero FIR" concept, allowing FIRs to be filed at any police station and transferred to the appropriate jurisdiction later.

Police officers who refuse to register an FIR in cognizable cases may face:
  1. Issuance of a Writ of Mandamus by the High Court, compelling them to explain their refusal.
  2. Orders for compensation to the aggrieved person if the refusal has infringed on their rights.

The “Latika Kumari v. Govt. of UP & Ors.” case is a landmark judgment where the Supreme Court mandated that police must register an FIR upon receiving information about a cognizable offence. The court ruled that no preliminary inquiry is needed to determine if a cognizable offence has been committed, except in specific cases like family disputes, commercial offences, medical negligence, corruption, and cases with abnormal delay.

If an FIR is not registered despite the new provisions under BNSS, the victim can:
  1. File an application to the Magistrate.
  2. File a writ petition in the High Court.
  3. Seek compensation for the violation of their rights.

Non-registration of an FIR denies the victim justice, as it prevents the initiation of criminal proceedings. This can lead to further trauma and a sense of injustice for the victim.

The BNSS, 2023 prescribes specified timelines for various stages of the criminal process, including completing investigations, filing final reports, and trial proceedings. For example, a Magistrate must decide whether to take cognizance of the charge sheet within 14 days.

A "Zero FIR" allows victims to file an FIR at any police station regardless of jurisdiction. The police station that receives the FIR must then transfer it to the station with the correct jurisdiction. This helps in situations where the victim cannot access the appropriate police station due to various reasons. Section 173 of the new Code [BNSS] provides for registration of such FIR.

The BNSS, 2023 introduces electronic registration of FIRs. The FIR must be signed by the person making it within 3 days of being taken on record. This aims to streamline the FIR registration process and make it more accessible.
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